Progression, progression, progression. It is important to teach a proper progression when introducing a new complex movement to a client. This is the first step that we use when we are teaching a client how to squat. Our clients often are not able to perform a proper back squat for a variety of reasons:
1. Poor hip flexibility
2. Weak core strength
3. Poor activation of the glutes
We use the "Box Squat" or "Sit to Stand" as a way to teach them the proper squat mechanics before adding weight. As their flexibility and strength increases, we will lower the box until proper depth is reached.
1. Feet should be shoulder width a part with toes facing forward and slightly out
2. As you sit onto the box, maintain good posture
3. When standing back up, drive through your heels and prevent rocking up to the balls of your feet.
4. Start with a comfortable height and then gradually lower the box or chair over time.
About the Author
Ryan Lockard, CSCS, CFNS, is the head trainer and founder of Specialty Athletic Training. He is President of the Autism Society of Oregon's Board of Directors and is accredited by the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) as a Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist, as well as by the International Sports Science Association (ISSA) as a Certified Fitness Nutrition Specialist. Ryan has worked with individuals with special needs since 2007 and has over 10,000 hours of 1:1 instruction working with individuals that have various special needs.